The primary treatment options for panic disorder include psychotherapy and medication, however, a combination of these two methods may increase the efficacy of treatment.
FDA-approved medications commonly used in the treatment of panic disorder include Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIS) such as fluoxetine/Prozac, paroxetine/Paxil/Pexeva and sertraline/Zoloft. and Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors such as venlafaxine hydrochloride/Effexor. Benzodiazepines are also FDA-approved for the short-term treatment of panic disorder, however they are known to be habit-forming and may not be a good medication choice for individuals who have experienced alcohol or drug abuse. Benzodiazepines are also more likely to interact with other medications, eliciting dangerous side effects. The current benzodiazepines that are FDA approved for panic disorder are alprazolam/Xanax and clonazepam/Klonopin.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has shown to be most effective in terms of psychotherapy in the treatment of panic disorder.